The Yoshi universe (ヨッシー, Yoshi) refers to the Smash Bros. series' collection of characters, stages, and properties that hail from the sub-franchise of the Mario series that deals with main sub-series character Yoshi. It is generally agreed on that Yoshi and related items count as Mario properties, but Yoshi has appeared in enough of his own games alongside enough original characters and properties that many consider him as holding sway over a "sub-universe" of Mario. Yoshi is also considered part of his own universe because his smasher's insignia consists of a spotted Yoshi Egg rather than the iconic image of a Super Mushroom held by other Mario characters. It is the least representative of the Mario sub-series, since there is only one character, two or more stages, but no items or no Assist Trophies.
By 1990, Nintendo had established a hugely successful Mario video game franchise in a trio of NES platforming titles named Super Mario Bros., featuring Mario as a main character. Nintendo released the SNES in 1991, and Shigeru Miyamoto developed the platformer Super Mario World as a launch title. Graphics designer Shigefumi Hino, who would later direct Pikmin, created the dinosauric character Yoshi and had him and the rest of his multicoloured species introduced into the Mario universe through Super Mario World because Nintendo's design staff expressed a desire to see Mario ride a dinosaur. Yoshi was instantly popular with players and soon afterwards became the protagonist of his own series of platform and puzzle games for various consoles, as well as appearing frequently in many Mario games as a co-character.
The first game in the series is simply called Yoshi and it is a puzzle game in which enemies fall, and Yoshi has to make two of them stack on top of each other. If they are the same, they will disappear. The game was released for the NES, Game Boy, and in Virtual Console for the Wii and Nintendo 3DS. Yoshi's Cookie is a puzzle game released for the SNES, the Game Boy and in Virtual Console for the Wii. It can be considered the Mario version of Tetris or another version of Yoshi. Yoshi no Cookie: Kuruppon Oven de Cookie is a game that was released only in Japan. It was made in 1994, and was made to promote a new Kuruppon oven in Japan. It can be said to be a sequel to Yoshi's Cookie. Yoshi's Safari is the third game in the Yoshi series created for the SNES and the first to have a plot after Yoshi and Yoshi's Cookie. A remake was later made for the Game Boy Advance. The Game was released on July 14, 1993 in Japan, September 1993 in NA, and around 1993 in EU and AU.
Yoshi was made the main character of his own sub-universe with the release of the 1995 SNES sequel Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island, which introduced characters like Baby Mario and enemies like Raphael Raven, and the further sequel Yoshi's Story for N64 introduced a more saccharine atmosphere to the sub-universe along with more original characters like Pak E. Derm. Other games in which Yoshi has had a starring role include the puzzle games Yoshi's Egg, and Tetris Attack, Yoshi's Touch & Go! for the DS, Yoshi's Island DS (a sequel to the original, with more playable characters and the same art design), and as a playable character in Super Smash Bros. and Super Smash Bros. Melee.
Yoshi's New Island is an instalment of the Yoshi series that was released for the Nintendo 3DS, It was unveiled on the Nintendo Direct of 4/17/13. The game is another addition to the Yoshi's Island series, the other games being Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island and Yoshi's Island DS, meaning some elements from the past games have returned. It was released on 14/3/14 (3/14/14) in America, Europe and Australia, and 7/24/14 in Japan. Yoshi's Island: Super Mario Advance 3 is the Game Boy Advance remake of Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island. This game was released in 2002 (2001 in Japan, 2006 in China) and is notable for its various changes. Yoshi's Topsy-Turvy (released as Yoshi's Universal Gravitation in Europe as Disney owned the Topsy Turvy name as a song in their The Hunchback of Notre Dame film) is a game for the Game Boy Advance.
Yoshi's Woolly World is a 2.5D game for the Wii U. It is the first Yoshi home console game since Yoshi's Story that stars only Yoshi. The game uses similar art material of yarn and textiles from the aforementioned game and Wii game from the Kirby franchise, Kirby's Epic Yarn, which was also developed by Good-Feel. The game was announced in 2013 and released in June 25, 2015 for Australia, June 26 for Europe and Japan, and October 16 in North America. A remake was also released for the Nintendo 3DS, known as Poochy and Yoshi's Woolly World.
The Yoshi sub-franchise is essentially the division of the main Mario franchise that focuses on being especially bright and cheery, and in various cases Yoshi-centric games are oriented more towards young gamers than the general Mario games. Yoshi itself is a frequently recurring character in many of the Mario games, however, and is practically a staple character in games where many Mario characters are available for selection, such as all of the Mario Kart series, the Mario Sports series such as Golf and Tennis, and the Mario Party series. For his repeated involvement in this multitude of Mario titles, Yoshi has become a major character in the Mario universe.
List of games in the Yoshi franchise
- Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island (1995, SNES)
- Yoshi's Story (1997, Nintendo 64)
- Yoshi's Universal Gravitation (2004, Game Boy Advance)
- Yoshi Touch & Go (2005, Nintendo DS)
- Yoshi's Island DS (2006, Nintendo DS)
- Yoshi's New Island (2014, Nintendo 3DS)
- Yoshi's Woolly World (2015, Nintendo Wii U)
- Poochy & Yoshi's Woolly World (2017, Nintendo 3DS)
- Yoshi's Crafted World (2019, Nintendo Switch)
- Mario & Yoshi (1991, NES, Game Boy)
- Yoshi's Cookie (1992, NES, Game Boy)
- Yoshi's Safari (1993, Super NES)
In Super Smash Bros.
If treated separately from the Mario universe, the Yoshi universe is only about as big as most of the other franchises represented in SSB, with one character and one stage represented, and there is no item that can be considered Yoshi-centric.
The following character is considered both part of his own universe and part of the Mario universe.
- Yoshi: A multicoloured species of bright, optimistic dinosaur first seen as a mount for Mario in Super Mario World, one particular green Yoshi, who the name Yoshi is often used to refer to, is often a costar in many Mario games, and it has also been made as the star of many of its own games, often platformers and puzzle games. Yoshi are used as a mode of transportation by Mario at times, and in other cases Yoshi take it upon themselves to transport baby versions of Mario characters in games like Yoshi's Island DS. All coloured species of Yoshi have the ability to swallow up enemies with their stretchable tongues and eject them as Yoshi eggs, which the Yoshi can find various uses for such as throwing the eggs as projectiles. Yoshi are also able to hover in air momentarily. These abilities are directly reflected in Yoshi's appearance as a Smash Bros. fighter; however, it is one of two fighters not to have a third jump in its B-Up move, which is considered a major disadvantage.
If the Yoshi universe is counted as separate from the rest of the Mario universe, Super Smash Bros. features one Yoshi-themed stage:
- Yoshi's Island: This stage is designed to resemble Yoshi's Story (not '"Yoshi's Island" from the SNES platformer titles) for the N64 thematically, with the main stage itself consisting of a giant storybook with several clouds appearing and disappearing at the sides of the stage.
- 9: A remix of music heard in Yoshi's Story for N64, heard on Yoshi's Island. Both the music and the stage were reused in Melee.
- 19: The victory fanfare of Yoshi is a lighthearted orchestration heard in Yoshi's Story.
In Super Smash Bros. Melee
While Melee is much bigger than Smash, none of the game's items are based on Yoshi save for the Yoshi's Egg item which is only ever used in an Event Match, There is only one Character, Two new Stages and one from SSB, Shy Guy as a Common Enemy and a bunch of new Trophies.
Yoshi is still the only character from the Yoshi universe that is actually featured as a playable character, reprising his role as a fighter with a high double jump but no third jump. He is able to turn himself into an egg and bowl through opponents on the ground as his new B-Forward Move.
- Fly Guys: These appear as obstacles on the Yoshi's Island stage, however, carrying food. While their main-species Shy Guy debuted in Super Mario Bros. 2 and so-on is from the Mario, the Fly Guys debuted in Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island, making a cross-over between the two universes.
- Yoshi's Island: Yoshi's Island: This stage is a general depiction of Super Mario World`s tileset, with blocks that swivel when they are attacked and characters can fall through them while swivelling.
- Yoshi's Island: Yoshi's Story: A somewhat simplistic stage based on Yoshi's Story, featuring Shy Guys carrying Food flying through the stage and Pak E. Derm in the background.
- Past Stages: Yoshi's Island N64: The original Yoshi's Island stage returns in Melee totally unaltered.
- 9: Yoshi's Story: A track straight from the N64 game Yoshi's Story, appearing on Yoshi's Island: Yoshi's Story.
- 10: Yoshi's Island: A repeating banjo track heard in several levels in Super Mario World for SNES. It appears on Yoshi's Island: Yoshi's Island.
- 28: Yoshi's Island N64: The music for SSB64's Yoshi's Island stage, which comes from Yoshi's Story for N64, is brought back unaltered along with the stage itself as Past Stages: Yoshi's Island.
- 42: Yoshi's Victory: The victory fanfare of Yoshi is a lighthearted orchestration heard in Yoshi's Story.
Full Trophy List
In Super Smash Bros. Brawl
The Yoshi universe receives representation in Super Smash Bros. Brawl.
- Yoshi: Yoshi was the last of the "Original 8" to be revealed as a returning character in Brawl. He has been visually modified to more accurately resemble his more recent appearances in Yoshi's Story and other newer Mario games. In addition to some old moves being modified (his Up B, Egg Toss, now also functions as a third jump), Yoshi also enters the fray with a brand new attack: his Final Smash is Super Dragon, which is based on the powers that Yoshi could obtain in Super Mario World by holding certain colours of Koopa shells in his mouth for extended periods of time. When the Final Smash is executed, Yoshi suddenly sprouts wings and can fly around for a short period of time, during which he can spew flames from his mouth with the press of a button.
On the final character select screen (after all characters are unlocked), Yoshi, despite being part of the Original 8, doesn't appear in the top row in the spot between Samus and Kirby (probably because Yoshi is the only character representing his franchise). Instead, he shares a column with fellow Mario side series characters Donkey Kong, Diddy Kong, and Wario.
- Support Ghost: Support Ghosts Appear on the Yoshi's Island stage periodically, acting as a platform for other characters.
- Sky Guys: Sky Guys from Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island fly into the stage carrying food, repeating the Fly Guy's function in Melee, although now they only appear in groups of one, two, or three.
- Yoshi's Island: The first Yoshi stage to be based off Yoshi's Island instead of Yoshi's Story, this stage has the appearance of being drawn with crayons and pastels. The stage changes seasons during gameplay.
- Melee Stages: Yoshi's Island: One of the few stages known to return from the previous game, it has only got some minor differences such as a few areas that differs and the addition of My Music. Otherwise, it's unaltered.
- Obstacle Course - A medley consisting mostly of a remix of the "Athletic" level theme from Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island and also a bit of the final boss theme. It is used on the Yoshi's Island stage.
- Ending (Yoshi's Story) - A tropical sounding remix of the credits theme from Yoshi's Story. It is used on the Yoshi's Island stage. This song is also played during Yoshi's Classic Mode credits.
- Yoshi's Island - A jazzy remix of the commonly heard ground level theme from Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island, complete with a harmonica (which was used in the original version of the song). It is the theme of the Yoshi's Island stage.
- Flower Field - Taken directly from the DS title Yoshi Touch & Go, this was the theme to the level of the same name. It is used on the Yoshi's Island stage.
- Wildlands - A combination of the "level beginning" jingle and the Wildlands level theme from Yoshi's Island DS. It is used on the Yoshi's Island stage.
- Yoshi's Island (Melee) - Taken directly from Melee. It is used on the Yoshi's Island (Melee) stage.
- Yoshi's victory theme - A whimsical orchestration of the Yoshi's Story main theme and level complete fanfare.
- Yoshi (Mario Party 2)
- Yoshi Ship (Yoshi's Universal Gravitation/Yoshi Topsy-Turvy)
- Mace Guy (Yoshi's Universal Gravitation/Yoshi Topsy-Turvy)
- Shy Guy (Yoshi's Story)
- Pak E. Derm (Yoshi's Story)
- Bone Dragon (Yoshi's Story)
- Don Bongo (Yoshi's Story)
- Propeller Shy Guy (Yoshi's Story)
- Blargg (Yoshi's Story)
- Tap-Tap (Yoshi Touch & Go)
- Yoshi's Egg (Yoshi Touch & Go)
- Yoshi (Yoshi Touch & Go)
- Brier (Yoshi Touch & Go)
- Super Baby (Yoshi's Island DS)
- Crazee Dayzee (Yoshi's Island DS)
- Goonie (Yoshi's Island DS)
- Stork Stop (Yoshi's Island DS)
- Stork (Yoshi's Island DS)
- Kamek (Yoshi Touch & Go)
- Car Yoshi (Yoshi's Island series)
- Kamek (Yoshi's Island series)
- Burt the Bashful (Yoshi's Island series)
- Bubble Baby Mario (Yoshi's Island series)
- Baby Mario (Yoshi's Island series)
- Raphael the Raven (Yoshi's Island series)
- Eight Yoshis (SMA 3: Yoshi's Island)
Once again, the Yoshi series is represented in both versions by a character and several stages, one new and two returning from past instalments. The series is now referred to as the Yoshi's Island series.
- Yoshi: Yoshi returns as a playable character, being the last of the Original 8 to be confirmed for the game. Yoshi now stands upright similarly to Bowser, closely resembling his more recent appearances.
- Yoshi's Island: The Brawl version of Yoshi's Island returns as a stage exclusive to Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS.
Wii U Version
- Yoshi's Island: Yoshi's Island from Melee returns as a stage exclusive to Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo Wii U. The ground is now slightly more orange than tan, which makes a somewhat less accurate representation of Super Mario World.
- Woolly World: A new stage based on Yoshi's Woolly World, exclusive to Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo Wii U.
- Yoshi's Island: A medley of music from Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island, playing in Woolly World. The medley includes the game's overworld theme ("Flower Garden"), as well as the opening "Music Box", "level select", and "Stage Clear" themes. While of the same origin as Brawl's Yoshi's Island track, this is a new remix. It was heard during Yoshi's reveal trailer in the April 2014 Nintendo Direct.
- Obstacle Course: Autumn Winter: Reused from Brawl. It plays during the autumn and winter segments of Yoshi's Island in Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS.
- Obstacle Course: Spring Summer: Reused from Brawl. Plays during the spring and summer segments of Yoshi's Island in Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS.
- Obstacle Course: (Yoshi's Island): A mixture of both the spring and summer segments along with the autumn and winter segments of the Obstacle Course track that plays on Woolly World in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U.
- Yoshi's Story: Reused from the original Super Smash Bros. It plays in Yoshi's Island in the Wii U version.
- Yoshi's Story Ver. 2: Reused from the Melee stage of the same name. It plays in Woolly World.
- Ending (Yoshi's Story): Reused from Brawl. It plays as an alternate music on Yoshi's Island in the 3DS version and on Woolly World in the Wii U version.
- Flower Field: A remix of a track from Yoshi Touch & Go, originally used in Brawl. It plays in Woolly World.
- Wildlands: A combination of the "level beginning" jingle and the Wildlands level theme from Yoshi's Island DS. It plays on Woolly World.
- Main Theme (Yoshi's New Island): The main theme of Yoshi's New Island, taken directly from that game. It plays on Woolly World.
- Bandit Valley (Yoshi's New Island): This arrangement of Yoshi's New Island's main theme is presented as it was originally heard in the game's "Bandit Valley" area. It plays on Woolly World.
- Yoshi's Woolly World: A remix of the overworld theme of Yoshi's Woolly World. It plays on Woolly World.
- Yoshi's Woolly World (Original): The original version of the above song, as heard in Yoshi's Woolly World. It plays in Woolly World.
- Victory! Yoshi Series: Reused from Brawl; a flourish is a combination of two small music excerpts from Yoshi's Story.
- Yoshi (Alt.)
- Fly Guy
- Yoshi's New Island
Wii U Version
- Super Dragon
- Yoshi (NES)
- 297. Yoshi
- 298. Yoshi (Yoshi’s Crafted World)
- 299. Baby Mario
- 300. Baby Mario (Superstar Mario)
- 301. Stork
- 302. Baby Bowser
- 303. Toadies
- 304. Crazee Dayzee
- 305. Tap-Tap
- 306. Bandit
- 307. Slugger & Green Glove
- 308. Little Mouser
- 309. Grim Leecher
- 310. Roger the Potted Ghost
- 311. Burt the Bashful
- 312. Raphael the Raven
- 313. Super Happy Tree
- 314. Pak E. Derm
- 315. Blargg
- 316. Don Bongo
- 317. Hongo
- 318. Spirit Who Loves Surprises
- 319. Mega Eggdozer
- 320. Ukki
- 321. Yarn Yoshi
- 322. Yarn Poochy
- Main Theme (Yoshi's New Island)
- Yoshi's Woolly World
Games with elements in the Smash Bros. games
Technically, Super Mario World qualifies as part of the Mario due to it being a main series Mario game. However, the Smash Bros. games consider it part of the Yoshi universe as well, with it being Yoshi's debut appearance and one of his most iconic.
In Super Smash Bros. Melee, the Yoshi's Island stage is based on Super Mario World and is clearly labeled as such in Brawl and Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. A few of Yoshi's moves in all four Smash Bros. games are also based off of what he could do in this game. In Super Smash Bros. Brawl, Yoshi's Final Smash, Super Dragon, is based on the powers he could obtain in this game, specifically the powers gained from a red Koopa, which allows him to breathe fire and a blue Koopa, which allows him to sprout wings and fly.
Yoshi's red, blue and yellow alternate costumes in Super Smash Bros. Melee, Super Smash Bros. Brawl and Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS / Wii U are based on those specific coloured Yoshis in Super Mario World.
In Brawl, there is a stage called Yoshi's Island that is based on many elements from that game, such as the design of the stage (which looks similar to drawings) and the background characters. There are also some music tracks that come from the same game. They all play in this stage.
Yoshi's special moves, Egg Lay, Egg Throw and Yoshi Bomb come from this game. Yoshi's second jump (known as the Flutter Jump) originated from this game. His down aerial could also be a reference to his Flutter Jump ability. Also, Yoshi's pink, cyan and purple alternate costumes in Super Smash Bros. Brawl and Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS / Wii U are based on those specific coloured Yoshis in Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island. Baby Mario and Kamek debuted in this game. Baby Mario appears as a trophy while Kamek appears on the Mushroom Kingdom U stage. Baby Mario also appears as three stickers in Super Smash Bros. Brawl, one in his Superstar form. Baby Luigi appears as a sticker, riding on Luigi, in their artwork for Mario & Luigi: Partners in Time in Super Smash Bros. Brawl and a trophy in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. Stork, Goonie, Crayzee Dayzee, Fly Guy, Tap-Tap, Burt the Bashful, and Raphael the Raven all appear as stickers in Super Smash Bros. Brawl.
In Super Smash Bros., there is a stage called Yoshi's Island that was based on this game, featuring the Super Happy Tree and other characters from Yoshi's Story in the background, and a main platform resembling an opened book. This stage returned as a past stage in Melee. Yoshi's victory theme is an orchestration of the main theme and the "level complete" fanfare from this game.
In Melee, there is another stage based on Yoshi's Story, which is also named after it.
A remix of the game's ending theme is included in Brawl and SSBWU/3DS and plays on the new Yoshi's Island stage, which is based more on the Yoshi's Island franchise than Yoshi's Story. The music also appears on the stage Woolly World.
Yoshi's black alternate costume in Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS / Wii U is based on a black Yoshi in this game.
Yoshi's voice clips from all four games (five if one counts the 3DS and Wii U versions of SSBWU/3DS as different games) are from this game.
The game's "above ground" theme has been remixed and included in this game, and was given the title "Wildlands". The graphics of the stage Yoshi's Island is based on Yoshi's Island DS's graphics. Stork Stop appears as a sticker in Super Smash Bros. Brawl.
- The Yoshi universe is the only series to lack an Assist Trophy, despite having playable characters in all four games.
- The Yoshi series is the only Mario sub-series to also lack an item.